With regard to living things, a body refers to physical body of an individual. Body often is used in connection with appearance, health issues and death. The study of the workings of the body is physiology.
In the views emerging from the mind-body dichotomy, the body is considered in behavior and therefore considered as little valued and trivial in comparison to mind, spirit or soul. Materialist philosophers of mind maintain that the mind is not something separate from the body, but is produced by physiological functions of the brain.